Pharm Water

wastewater reuse
The Dole irrigation ditch (pictured here) conveys water that includes effluent from the Wahiawa Wastewater Treatment Plant and Schofield Water Reclamation Facility.

The state of Hawai`i has been pushing hard for the expanded use of effluent from sewage treatment plants on cropland.

But if that effluent contains hormones, antibiotics, and other chemicals that can trickle into the aquifer and work their way into the kitchen tap, then it may be appropriate to step back and look more closely at just where and under what circumstances irrigation with effluent is appropriate. As Teresa Dawson reports in this month’s cover, state, federal, and even some county agencies are beginning to do just that.

Also in this issue, we review developments on the energy front: the GEMS program of the Hawai`i Green Infrastructure  Authority, an agency that, quite literally, has more money than it knows what to do with; and the staff report from the Public Utilities Commission of Hawaiian Electric’s cancellation of three solar farms on O`ahu.


A correction to our February cover story

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Our February 2016 cover story incorrectly stated that the hearing officer’s recommendations in the East Maui interim instream flow standards (IIFS) contested case hearing was expected early this year, when, in fact, those... READ MORE